Encycolorpedia

#e5eade Hex Code Couleur

#e5eade Paint ChipLe code hexadécimal de la couleur #e5eade est une très légère teinte de couleur vert. Dans le modèle de couleur RVB #e5eade est constitué de 89.8% de rouge, 91.76% de vert et le bleu à 87.06%. En l'espace colorimétrique HSL #e5eade a une teinte de 85° (degrés), la saturation 22% saturation et la légèreté 89%. Cette couleur a une longueur d'onde approximatif de 563.88 nm.

Variations de couleur

Noms de Couleur

Schémas de couleurs

Télécharger: GIMP GPL Adobe ASE (Adobe Swatch Exchange) Sketch Palette

Teintes et nuances

#e5eade au noir

  1. #e5eade
  2. #bbbfb5
  3. #92958e
  4. #6c6e69
  5. #474945
  6. #262725
  7. #000000

Couleurs de peinture

Peintures similaires

  1. Taubmans

    1. ★ Ice Age / T10 41J
      #e6eadd
      ΔE = 0.538 / LRV ≈ 80.9%
    2. Silent Delight / T10 31L
      #e5e5dc
      ΔE = 2.375 / LRV ≈ 77.9%
  2. Devoe Paint

    1. ★ Atrium White / 70GG 83/034
      #e7ece0
      ΔE = 0.702 / LRV ≈ 82.4%
    2. ★ Glacier Lake / 90GY 82/028
      #e8eadb
      ΔE = 1.601 / LRV ≈ 81.1%
  3. Scib Paints

    1. ★ Spinney Mountain / 8388
      #e7ece0
      ΔE = 0.702 / LRV ≈ 82.4%
    2. ★ Glacier Valley / 8412
      #edeee2
      ΔE = 2.142 / LRV ≈ 84.6%
  4. Berger

    1. ★ Spinney Mountain / 8388
      #e7ece0
      ΔE = 0.702 / LRV ≈ 82.4%
    2. ★ Glacier Valley / 8412
      #edeee2
      ΔE = 2.142 / LRV ≈ 84.6%
  5. Sico

    1. ★ 6166-11 Soothing Green
      #e6ece0
      ΔE = 0.705 / LRV ≈ 82.2%
    2. 6200-11 Salt Spray
      #eeefe5
      ΔE = 2.579 / LRV ≈ 85.6%
  6. KILZ

    1. ★ Touch Of Lime / F801
      #e3e8dd
      ΔE = 0.787 / LRV ≈ 79.3%
    2. Alaska / J761
      #e5e6e0
      ΔE = 2.838 / LRV ≈ 78.6%
  7. Benjamin Moore

    1. ★ Woodland White / 463
      #e3e8dd
      ΔE = 0.787 / LRV ≈ 79.3%
    2. ★ Cascade Mountains / 862
      #e6e7dd
      ΔE = 1.652 / LRV ≈ 79.2%
  8. Dutch Boy

    1. ★ Vermont Snow
      #e3e8db
      ΔE = 0.836 / LRV ≈ 79.2%
    2. Mineral Green
      #e8f1e3
      ΔE = 2.550 / LRV ≈ 85.6%
  9. Earthpaint

    1. ★ 4-26-1 Pine Mist
      #e5ece0
      ΔE = 0.847 / LRV ≈ 82.0%
    2. 3-29-2 New Orleans
      #dde9df
      ΔE = 2.567 / LRV ≈ 79.0%
  10. PPG Pittsburgh Paints

    1. ★ Hydrangea Floret / PPG1134-1
      #e6eae0
      ΔE = 0.859 / LRV ≈ 81.1%
    2. Hallowed Hush / PPG1231-1
      #e2ebe5
      ΔE = 2.943 / LRV ≈ 81.2%
  11. Porter Paints

    1. ★ Hydrangea Floret / 505-1
      #e6eae0
      ΔE = 0.859 / LRV ≈ 81.1%
    2. ★ Spearmint Stick / 108-2
      #e8f0e2
      ΔE = 2.184 / LRV ≈ 85.0%
  12. Pratt & Lambert

    1. ★ Seaspray 20-32
      #e6eadc
      ΔE = 0.891 / LRV ≈ 80.8%
    2. ★ Aery 22-32
      #e4ecdf
      ΔE = 1.104 / LRV ≈ 81.8%
  13. Olympic

    1. ★ Hydrangea Floret B60-3
      #e5e8dd
      ΔE = 0.908 / LRV ≈ 79.6%
    2. ★ Spearmint Stick A67-1
      #e8eddf
      ΔE = 1.282 / LRV ≈ 83.1%
  14. Little Greene

    1. ★ Pearl Colour Pale
      #e6ebe1
      ΔE = 0.909 / LRV ≈ 81.7%
    2. Pearl Colour Mid
      #dde3d6
      ΔE = 2.616 / LRV ≈ 75.2%
  15. Coronado Paint

    1. ★ 8388 - Spinney Mountain
      #e5e9db
      ΔE = 0.952 / LRV ≈ 80.1%
    2. ★ 7628 - Soft Mint
      #e2ecde
      ΔE = 1.740 / LRV ≈ 81.4%
  16. Bristol

    1. ★ English Morning / P014-L3
      #e3e9df
      ΔE = 0.976 / LRV ≈ 79.9%
    2. ★ Lily White / P230-N1
      #e2e4d9
      ΔE = 2.128 / LRV ≈ 76.7%
  17. Kansai Paint

    1. ★ Elegence
      #e8ede1
      ΔE = 1.052 / LRV ≈ 83.2%
    2. Misty White
      #e9f2e4
      ΔE = 2.845 / LRV ≈ 86.4%
  18. Plascon

    1. ★ Fresh Scent Y6-B2-3
      #e4ece0
      ΔE = 1.072 / LRV ≈ 81.9%
    2. Ivory White Y4-B2-3
      #ecece4
      ΔE = 2.527 / LRV ≈ 83.4%
  19. Jedynka

    1. ★ Pd 1127
      #e3eae0
      ΔE = 1.090 / LRV ≈ 80.6%
  20. Sherwin-Williams

    1. ★ Spinach White - 6434
      #e4e8da
      ΔE = 1.125 / LRV ≈ 79.3%
    2. Green Glaze - 7128
      #eaf1e4
      ΔE = 2.389 / LRV ≈ 86.0%
  21. Tollens

    1. ★ T2031-2
      #e8ece2
      ΔE = 1.188 / LRV ≈ 82.6%
    2. T2031-3
      #dee8e0
      ΔE = 2.603 / LRV ≈ 78.6%
  22. Federal Standard

    1. ★ Federal Standard 17773
      #e6eae1
      ΔE = 1.244 / LRV ≈ 81.1%
  23. TRUMATCH

    1. ★ 17-g2
      #e3e7dd
      ΔE = 1.255 / LRV ≈ 78.7%
    2. ★ 18-g1
      #e5ede4
      ΔE = 1.874 / LRV ≈ 82.8%
  24. Peintures MF

    1. ★ Jasper
      #e1e7da
      ΔE = 1.260 / LRV ≈ 78.2%
    2. Vert harmonieux
      #dceade
      ΔE = 2.893 / LRV ≈ 79.3%
  25. Brighto Paints

    1. ★ 9071 Lavender White
      #e8eadc
      ΔE = 1.312 / LRV ≈ 81.2%
    2. 312
      #eeefe3
      ΔE = 2.428 / LRV ≈ 85.5%
  26. Sikkens

    1. ★ K2.05.85
      #e0e8dc
      ΔE = 1.333 / LRV ≈ 78.7%
    2. H2.04.88
      #efefe0
      ΔE = 2.905 / LRV ≈ 85.5%
  27. Dulux

    1. ★ 70GY 83/060
      #e3ece0
      ΔE = 1.336 / LRV ≈ 81.7%
    2. White Mist
      #ece8dd
      ΔE = 2.989 / LRV ≈ 80.8%
  28. Sigma

    1. ★ Yellow Ocre / S 1002-Y
      #eaece0
      ΔE = 1.344 / LRV ≈ 82.9%
    2. ★ Natural Green / FS131
      #e7edde
      ΔE = 1.521 / LRV ≈ 82.8%
  29. Beckers

    1. ★ Strå 821 / S 1005-G70Y
      #e2e6da
      ΔE = 1.371 / LRV ≈ 77.8%
    2. ★ Fänkål 818 / 0905-G28Y
      #e0e9dc
      ΔE = 1.468 / LRV ≈ 79.3%
  30. Brillux

    1. ★ 78.03.03
      #e3ece1
      ΔE = 1.442 / LRV ≈ 81.8%
    2. ★ 81.06.03
      #e6eee0
      ΔE = 1.646 / LRV ≈ 83.4%
  31. Crown Paint

    1. ★ Chalk Board
      #eaebe0
      ΔE = 1.505 / LRV ≈ 82.3%
    2. ★ Lime Wash
      #ebece4
      ΔE = 2.296 / LRV ≈ 83.3%
  32. Kelly-Moore

    1. ★ Glacier Valley / KM3897-1
      #eaece2
      ΔE = 1.569 / LRV ≈ 83.0%
    2. Fennel / KM3865-1
      #e5ebe5
      ΔE = 2.565 / LRV ≈ 81.7%
  33. Diamond Vogel

    1. ★ Calm Thoughts / 0698
      #e4ede2
      ΔE = 1.582 / LRV ≈ 82.6%
    2. Sweet Ariel / 0467
      #e7eae5
      ΔE = 2.887 / LRV ≈ 81.5%
  34. ICI Paints

    1. ★ Mystic White 90GY 83/049
      #e1ebdf
      ΔE = 1.587 / LRV ≈ 80.8%
    2. Sea Swell 50GY 83/080
      #e0e9d8
      ΔE = 2.444 / LRV ≈ 79.1%
  35. Magnolia Home

    1. ★ Cloudy Gray / JG-115
      #e2ebe1
      ΔE = 1.587 / LRV ≈ 81.0%
    2. ★ Panna Cotta / JG-111
      #ecefe1
      ΔE = 2.129 / LRV ≈ 85.0%
  36. Rodda Paint

    1. ★ Sage Tinged 8404
      #e7e8da
      ΔE = 1.636 / LRV ≈ 79.8%
    2. ★ Spirit Wind 8372
      #ebeee5
      ΔE = 2.107 / LRV ≈ 84.5%
  37. Sanderson

    1. ★ Grey Birch Lt
      #e9e9dd
      ΔE = 1.637 / LRV ≈ 80.8%
    2. Birch White
      #eceade
      ΔE = 2.358 / LRV ≈ 82.0%
  38. Nature Paint

    1. ★ Royal Fern
      #e6e7dd
      ΔE = 1.652 / LRV ≈ 79.2%
    2. Bottlenose
      #e3eae4
      ΔE = 2.633 / LRV ≈ 80.8%
  39. Marston & Langinger

    1. ★ Palladian
      #eaebdd
      ΔE = 1.676 / LRV ≈ 82.1%
    2. Warm White
      #e9e9e2
      ΔE = 2.531 / LRV ≈ 81.1%
  40. Designers Guild

    1. ★ Lichen
      #eaeade
      ΔE = 1.678 / LRV ≈ 81.6%
  41. Duron

    1. ★ Frostwork
      #e3e6dd
      ΔE = 1.777 / LRV ≈ 78.1%
    2. Filmy Green
      #eef1e6
      ΔE = 2.729 / LRV ≈ 86.8%
  42. Laura Ashley

    1. ★ 40-5 Slightly Mint
      #ebebdf
      ΔE = 1.788 / LRV ≈ 82.4%
    2. 40-6 Pottery White
      #eeece0
      ΔE = 2.603 / LRV ≈ 83.6%
  43. McCormick Paints

    1. ★ 119 Newport
      #ebebe0
      ΔE = 1.827 / LRV ≈ 82.5%
  44. Alcro

    1. ★ Marang
      #ebece2
      ΔE = 1.828 / LRV ≈ 83.1%
    2. ★ Duggregn
      #dfe8de
      ΔE = 1.844 / LRV ≈ 78.7%
  45. Evonik-Degussa

    1. ★ OW15 1P Gardenia
      #e9efe1
      ΔE = 1.829 / LRV ≈ 84.5%
    2. ★ OW14 1P Walden White
      #eaeadc
      ΔE = 1.882 / LRV ≈ 81.5%
  46. Clark+Kensington

    1. ★ Sandy White / CW-C8
      #e8eae2
      ΔE = 1.858 / LRV ≈ 81.5%
    2. Illumination / CW-C5
      #eaebe4
      ΔE = 2.459 / LRV ≈ 82.5%
  47. Pantone / PMS

    1. ★ Pastel 9541
      #e0eae0
      ΔE = 1.887 / LRV ≈ 80.1%
    2. Pastel 9041
      #eaede6
      ΔE = 2.470 / LRV ≈ 83.8%
  48. GM / General Motors

    1. ★ White
      #e1e8e0
      ΔE = 1.970 / LRV ≈ 79.1%
    2. Pearl Silver
      #eceede
      ΔE = 2.446 / LRV ≈ 84.3%
  49. Tikkurila

    1. ★ G370
      #dfe9df
      ΔE = 1.977 / LRV ≈ 79.3%
    2. F370
      #e8eee7
      ΔE = 2.568 / LRV ≈ 84.1%
  50. Zoffany

    1. ★ Quarter La Seine
      #e1ece1
      ΔE = 2.001 / LRV ≈ 81.4%
    2. Quarter Ice Floes
      #edf2e6
      ΔE = 2.800 / LRV ≈ 87.2%
  51. Colortrend

    1. ★ 0032
      #e8e9e1
      ΔE = 2.013 / LRV ≈ 80.9%
    2. 0017
      #eae9e1
      ΔE = 2.498 / LRV ≈ 81.2%
  52. Nippon Paint

    1. ★ Sea Breeze / NP OW 1070 P
      #dfeadc
      ΔE = 2.060 / LRV ≈ 79.7%
    2. Cool Hint / NP OW 1065 P
      #e6f0e5
      ΔE = 2.431 / LRV ≈ 84.8%
  53. Dupont

    1. ★ CAS849
      #e0e4d8
      ΔE = 2.063 / LRV ≈ 76.3%
    2. CAS984
      #edeadd
      ΔE = 2.732 / LRV ≈ 82.1%
  54. RAL

    1. ★ RAL 9002 / Grey white
      #e7ebda
      ΔE = 2.080 / LRV ≈ 81.5%
  55. Ralph Lauren

    1. ★ Gymnast / RLWW228
      #e7eae3
      ΔE = 2.098 / LRV ≈ 81.4%
    2. Design Studio White / RLWW204
      #edede4
      ΔE = 2.489 / LRV ≈ 84.2%
  56. Color Truck Guide

    1. ★ Ce-Sa008.01
      #ebeae0
      ΔE = 2.154 / LRV ≈ 81.9%
    2. Ce-Sa008.02
      #eae9d9
      ΔE = 2.586 / LRV ≈ 80.8%
  57. Valspar Paint

    1. ★ Angel Touch
      #eae9db
      ΔE = 2.155 / LRV ≈ 80.9%
    2. ★ Lilac
      #edede2
      ΔE = 2.208 / LRV ≈ 84.1%
  58. Asian Paints

    1. ★ Spring Bud / 9332
      #dee9db
      ΔE = 2.173 / LRV ≈ 78.9%
  59. Sto

    1. ★ 36215
      #e1e6d6
      ΔE = 2.222 / LRV ≈ 77.5%
    2. 36208
      #e2ecda
      ΔE = 2.805 / LRV ≈ 81.2%
  60. Behr

    1. ★ 710E-1 Snow Leopard
      #e8ece5
      ΔE = 2.228 / LRV ≈ 82.8%
    2. Snowstone C40-82
      #e8eae5
      ΔE = 2.955 / LRV ≈ 81.7%
  61. Cloverdale Paint

    1. ★ White Mountain / OW109
      #e8e8e0
      ΔE = 2.247 / LRV ≈ 80.3%
    2. Waterfall Mist / OW118
      #ecf2e8
      ΔE = 2.924 / LRV ≈ 87.2%
  62. Chrysler

    1. ★ Satin White
      #e5e6de
      ΔE = 2.247 / LRV ≈ 78.5%
    2. Cherry Blossom White
      #e2e2d8
      ΔE = 2.985 / LRV ≈ 75.5%
  63. Farrow & Ball

    1. ★ Great White / 2006
      #eaeae2
      ΔE = 2.286 / LRV ≈ 81.8%
    2. Borrowed Light / 235
      #dbe5dc
      ΔE = 2.944 / LRV ≈ 76.3%
  64. Model Master

    1. Model Master 1933
      #e7e7df
      ΔE = 2.309 / LRV ≈ 79.5%
  65. Martha Stewart Living

    1. Ironstone White H31
      #e8e7de
      ΔE = 2.327 / LRV ≈ 79.6%
    2. Bright White H32
      #eeeee4
      ΔE = 2.555 / LRV ≈ 84.9%
  66. Jotun

    1. 8395 / Hvit Komfort
      #ebe9de
      ΔE = 2.331 / LRV ≈ 81.2%
    2. 0486 / Silke
      #eae7db
      ΔE = 2.675 / LRV ≈ 79.8%
  67. Resene

    1. Apple Green G93-011-153
      #deeadc
      ΔE = 2.354 / LRV ≈ 79.5%
    2. Catskill White N90-008-126
      #e0e4dc
      ΔE = 2.526 / LRV ≈ 76.5%
  68. Toyo Ink

    1. CF10627
      #dee4d6
      ΔE = 2.400 / LRV ≈ 75.9%
  69. Disney

    1. PKG High Hiding White
      #e6e6de
      ΔE = 2.420 / LRV ≈ 78.7%
    2. 4A-20-1 Once Upon a Time
      #ebebe5
      ΔE = 2.976 / LRV ≈ 82.7%
  70. Vista Paint

    1. Glacier Ridge
      #ebe9df
      ΔE = 2.424 / LRV ≈ 81.3%
    2. Water Spirit
      #e8ece6
      ΔE = 2.614 / LRV ≈ 82.9%
  71. Ford

    1. White Suede
      #e4e5dd
      ΔE = 2.425 / LRV ≈ 77.8%
    2. White
      #ecede5
      ΔE = 2.483 / LRV ≈ 84.1%
  72. Levis

    1. Atl Denim E2
      #e7e6dd
      ΔE = 2.431 / LRV ≈ 78.8%
    2. Delicate Stone
      #e8e6da
      ΔE = 2.467 / LRV ≈ 78.8%
  73. Homebase

    1. Apple Crush
      #eceddd
      ΔE = 2.451 / LRV ≈ 83.6%
  74. General Paint

    1. Cardoon / CL 2021W
      #e8e9d8
      ΔE = 2.457 / LRV ≈ 80.4%
    2. Inca / CL 3001W
      #e0e5de
      ΔE = 2.612 / LRV ≈ 77.2%
  75. Dunn-Edwards

    1. Pearly Star / 2014
      #e4e4da
      ΔE = 2.457 / LRV ≈ 77.0%
    2. Garden Pebble / 2013
      #e4e4d5
      ΔE = 2.766 / LRV ≈ 76.8%
  76. Colorhouse

    1. Imagine .06
      #eae9e1
      ΔE = 2.498 / LRV ≈ 81.2%
    2. Bisque .02
      #f0eee2
      ΔE = 2.995 / LRV ≈ 85.2%
  77. Natural Color System / NCS

    1. S 1005-G10Y
      #eaebda
      ΔE = 2.498 / LRV ≈ 82.0%
    2. S 0907-B80G
      #e2efe2
      ΔE = 2.748 / LRV ≈ 83.4%
  78. Caparol

    1. Lava 17
      #ececdc
      ΔE = 2.529 / LRV ≈ 83.0%
    2. Sepia 8
      #ece8dc
      ΔE = 2.968 / LRV ≈ 80.7%
  79. Crown Diamond

    1. 7389-11 Spring's Awakening
      #eeefe1
      ΔE = 2.533 / LRV ≈ 85.3%
    2. 7303-11 Whiz Kid
      #e9eedc
      ΔE = 2.711 / LRV ≈ 83.6%
  80. AMC

    1. Glacier White
      #e7e6d7
      ΔE = 2.571 / LRV ≈ 78.5%
  81. Focoltone

    1. 4022
      #eeeddf
      ΔE = 2.589 / LRV ≈ 84.1%
  82. Volkswagen

    1. Pearl White
      #e1e3da
      ΔE = 2.631 / LRV ≈ 76.0%
  83. California Paints

    1. Mid-Century White
      #ebe8dc
      ΔE = 2.637 / LRV ≈ 80.5%
    2. DE 6295 - Lightning Bolt
      #e5ebe6
      ΔE = 2.987 / LRV ≈ 81.8%
  84. Flügger

    1. Muslingeskal (U-709)
      #ece9de
      ΔE = 2.669 / LRV ≈ 81.4%
  85. Graham & Brown

    1. Pima White
      #e6e7e1
      ΔE = 2.741 / LRV ≈ 79.4%
    2. Isle of White
      #eeeee6
      ΔE = 2.920 / LRV ≈ 85.0%
  86. Ligier

    1. Blanc / BLAMZ1
      #eeede4
      ΔE = 2.760 / LRV ≈ 84.3%
  87. CIL

    1. Quiet Hideaway
      #e8e8e2
      ΔE = 2.849 / LRV ≈ 80.4%
    2. Fresh Cut
      #e5edda
      ΔE = 2.988 / LRV ≈ 82.3%
  88. Glidden

    1. Hallowed Hush / PPG1231-1
      #e2ebe5
      ΔE = 2.943 / LRV ≈ 81.2%
    2. Rain Drop / PPG1145-1
      #e7eee8
      ΔE = 2.988 / LRV ≈ 84.0%

#e5eade Exemples de code HTML et CSS

#e5eade premier plan

Qui ne fait pas quand póte, nu face cand vrea.

<p style="color: #e5eade">…</p>

#e5eade fond

On revient toujoursà ses premières amours.

<p style="background-color: #e5eade">…</p>

#e5eade ombre du texte

Celui qui n'est pas avec moi est contre moi.

<p style="text-shadow: 0.1em 0.1em 0.15em #e5eade">…</p>

Composition des couleurs

Conversions d'espace colorimétrique

Décimal
15067870
Binaire
11100101, 11101010, 11011110
Hexadécimal
#e5eade
LRV
≈ 80.8%
Hexadécimal court le plus proche
#eed ΔE = 2.993
RGB
rgb(229, 234, 222)
RGBA
rgba(229, 234, 222, 1.0)
chromaticité rg
r: 0.334, g: 0.342, b: 0.324
RYB
rouge: 0.871%, jaune: 0.918%, bleu: 0.890%
Android / android.graphics.Color
-1709346 / 0xffe5eade
HSL
hsl(85, 22%, 89%)
HSLA
hsla(85, 22%, 89%, 1.0)
HSV / HSB
teinte: 85° (85.000), saturation: 5% (0.051), valeur: 92% (0.918)
HSP
teinte: 85.000, saturation: 5.128%, luminosité perçue: 90.655%
HSLuv (HUSL)
H: 104.184, S: 8.179, L: 92.033
Cubehelix
H: -280.906, S: 0.228, L: 0.907
TSL
T: 0.434, S: 0.011, L: 0.906
CMYK
cyan: 2% (0.021), magenta: 0% (0.000), jaune: 5% (0.051), noir: 8% (0.082)
CMY
cyan: 10% (0.102), magenta: 8% (0.082), jaune: 13% (0.129)
XYZ
X: 74.919, Y: 80.778, Z: 80.738
xyY
x: 0.317, y: 0.342, Y: 80.778
CIELab
L: 92.033, a: -3.787, b: 5.239
CIELuv
L: 92.033, u: -2.177, v: 8.614
CIELCH / LCHab
L: 92.033, C: 6.465, H: 125.860
CIELUV / LCHuv
L: 92.033, C: 8.885, H: 104.184
Hunter-Lab
L: 89.876, a: -8.490, b: 9.652
CIECAM02
J: 88.946, C: 6.581, h: 132.578, Q: 185.812, M: 5.755, s: 17.599, H: 165.760
OSA-UCS
luminosité: -10.057, jaune: 0.690, vert: 0.812
LMS
L: 76.491, M: 84.900, S: 80.721
YCbCr
Y: 214.545, Cb: 123.472, Cr: 126.657
YCgCo
Y: 229.750, Cg: 4.250, Co: 59.000
YDbDr
Y: 231.137, Db: -13.746, Dr: 4.061
YPbPr
Y: 232.071, Pb: -5.425, Pr: -1.948
xvYCC
Y: 215.308, Cb: 123.235, Cr: 126.289
YIQ
Y: 231.137, I: 0.877, Q: -4.791
YUV
Y: 231.137, U: -4.494, V: -1.875
Système colorimétrique de Munsell
10GY 9/1 ΔE = 1.653
Couleur de marque
Sprint ΔE = 17.597

Couleurs aléatoires

Rouge

Vert

Bleu